In Syria Civilian Population Is Dying In Siege By Warring Forces.
Grim condition in besieged pockets:
UN Aid Reaches Madaya ; Will Zabadani, Foah , Kefraya and Deir al-Zour closely follow? Madaya and Zabadani are under siege by Syrian govt. forces. Foa and Kefraya are sieged by Syrian rebel forces and the terror outfits. Deir al-Zour is under siege of ISIS.While UN could negotiate with the govt. what will they do with the other forces? If their attempt does not succeed with them, thousands of people in these places will die starving.
UN aid arrives in Madaya:
Madaya is a small mountainous town in Syria, located at an altitude of 1,400 metres It is a well known holiday resort. It is located about 40 kilometres northwest of Damascus in the Rif Dimashq Governorate and is home to Lake Barada. Madaya often is snow-top during the winter months especially on January and February. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Madaya had a population of 9,371 in the 2004 census.Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.
It is famous for its pure natural spring water, fresh fruits and vegetables, and healthy climate. Dry and cool in the summer, Madaya until recently had attracted wealthy Syrians many of which have summer mansions in the town. It also has a large market (souq) known for its European-made goods, such as sportswear and electronics, which makes visiting it quite an appealing experience for tourists.
In December 2015, Doctors Without Borders reported that 23 people had died of starvation in this besieged town, after food had not been able to enter since 18 October 2015.On 7 January 2016, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) issued a statement calling for unimpeded access to deliver emergency humanitarian aid to Madaya, Al-Fu'ah and Kafriya. Amid international outcry at reports of starvation and exorbitant food prices, the United Nations negotiated a deal between the Syrian government and rebels holding the town to allow for the delivery humanitarian aid, which was carried out on 11 January 2016.
A senior UN official says the suffering in the besieged rebel held Syrian town of Madaya is the worst he has witnessed during the country's brutal civil war.
UN refugee agency representative Sajjad Malik found "horrifying conditions" while delivering food overnight for the 40,000 people trapped there.
Doctors estimate there are 300 to 400 people who are severely malnourished.
The UN hopes to deliver further aid to Madaya as well as two northern towns besieged by rebels (and terrorists as Al Qaeda and Al Nusra , Foah and Kefraya.
The World Health Organization has urged Syria's government to allow its mobile health clinics into Madaya.
Madaya, in the mountains 25km (15 miles) north-west of Damascus, has been besieged for six months by government forces and their allies in Lebanon's Hezbollah movement.
On Monday afternoon, after negotiating several checkpoints on the road from the capital, aid lorries from the UN, International Committee of the Red Cross and Syrian Red Crescent were allowed into the town for the first time since October.
But it was not until Tuesday morning that all 47 lorries discharged their cargos, comprising 250 tonnes of food - including rice, wheat flour, vegetable oil, salt, sugar, canned foods, beans and lentils - and 7.8 tonnes of medical supplies.
After returning to Damascus, UN refugee agency representative Sajjad Malik told journalists in Geneva by telephone that the situation in Madaya was horrifying. There was no light, it was very cold, and the people who gathered around the lorries were very frail, very weak, malnourished and shivering, he said.
Places most affected due to siege in war:
March 2015: Foah and Kefraya in Idlib province are besieged by rebel groups and the al-Qaeda-affiliated al-Nusra Front, with an estimated 12,500 trapped.
July 2015: Madaya, near Damascus, is besieged by government forces and their allies in Lebanon's Shia Islamist Hezbollah movement.
September 2015: The situation in Foah and Kefraya worsens after the fall of a nearby government air base, where helicopters had been able to land with food supplies. Reports emerge of people eating grass to survive.
October 2015: UN delivers one month's supply of food rations for 20,000 people in Madaya.
December 2015: Dozens of wounded civilians and fighters evacuated from Foah, Kefraya, Zabadani and Madaya. Reports begin to emerge of people starving in Madaya.
January 2016: UN says it has received credible reports of people dying of starvation in Madaya
UN staff were told repeatedly that 1kg (2.2lbs) of rice cost $300 while starving children said they were going out collecting grass with which to make soup, despite several having been hurt by exploding landmines.
Mothers of babies were also too malnourished and dehydrated to produce breast milk, meaning their children had to be fed with water, herbs and tomato puree.
People were found on the floor of the makeshift medical clinic in Madaya and not enough staff. One of the three doctors there, who had himself been injured with shrapnel, said 300 to 400 people were severely malnourished.
There are people in Madaya, but no life. What we saw in Madaya should not happen in this century. We want to make sure the siege is lifted and this is not a one-off , an UN officialeyewitness says. Image caption The UN said there was permission for two further convoys to Madaya
UN officials confirmed , people were dying from starvation in Madaya and that the WHO would give figures in due course.
Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) says a total of 28 people - including six children less than one year old - have died of starvation in Madaya since 1 December 2015.
However, Hezbollah denies there have been any deaths in the town and accuses rebel leaders of preventing people leaving.
UN refugee agency representative Sajjad Malik said, there was permission for two further convoys to Madaya, Foah and Kefraya this week, but that co-operation between the warring parties - who wanted on Monday to check every lorry to ensure their cargo as agreed - was also necessary.
"If we are not able to sustain this support to these communities, even this effort... with all these trucks now is going to be another band-aid, because within a month they will run out of food and medicines," he warned.
The UNHCR plans to provide blankets, winter clothes, nappies, plastic sheeting and jerry cans in the next deliveries, to keep people warm and allow them to cook and bring water to their homes.
Up to 4.5 million people in Syria live in hard-to-reach areas, including nearly 400,000 people in 15 besieged locations who do not have access to life-saving aid.
Humanitarian catastrophe in Syria :
More than 250,000 Syrians have lost their lives in almost five years of conflict, which began with anti-government protests before escalating into a brutal civil war. More than 11 million others have been forced from their homes as forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad and rebels opposed to his rule battle each other - as well as jihadist militants from Islamic State.
Siege is a tactical approach in War:
All parties to the conflict are using siege warfare, encircling populated areas, preventing civilians from leaving and blocking humanitarian access in an attempt to force opponents to surrender. Shortages of food, water, medicine, electricity and fuel have led to malnutrition and deaths among vulnerable groups.
Places under siege by various groups :
Government forces are besieging various locations in the eastern Ghouta area, outside Damascus, as well as the capital's western suburb of Darayya and the nearby mountain towns of Zabadani and Madaya. Rebel forces have encircled the villages of Foah and Kefraya in the northern province of Idlib, while IS militants are besieging government-held areas in the eastern city of Deir al-Zour.